Maulana Hasrat Mohani: A Great Freedom Fighter of India who coined the term ‘Inqulab Zindabad’.

Maulana Hasrat Mohani: A Great Freedom Fighter of India who coined the term 'Inqulab Zindabad'.

Share this Post on :

Maulana Hasrat Mohani who spoke eloquently on the necessity of ‘Total Independence’ opposing the ‘Self Rule’ concept of Gandhiji and impressed the audience while causing discomfiture to Gandhiji, was born in 1878 in the small town of Mohan in Uttar Pradesh. His actual Name was Syed Fazl-ul-Hasan. He was recognized as a talented poet. He started writing ghazals when he was only 17 years of age under pen name ‘Hasrat’. So he became popular as Maulana Hasrat Mohani. He also worked as the Editor of the ‘Urdu-e-Muallah’ magazine. He was attracted to the revolutionary ideas of Aurobindo Ghosh and Bala Gangadhar Tilak.

After completing his education, he did not want to serve in a job and therefore preferred to become a journalist. He opposed slavery in all forms and fought against the British. Hasrat Mohani joined the Indian National Congress in 1903. He wrote several articles criticizing the British rulers; as a result, he was accused of treason and was sent to jail by the British government in 1909.

Dr Makhdoom Mohiuddin: Great Freedom Fighter, Urdu Poet, and Workers Champion

Hasrat Mohani was unable to pay the fine imposed on him and consequently, the police seized the rare books collected by him. He spent most of his time in different jails during the National Movement. He started the first ‘Swadeshi Stores’ along with his wife Nishatunnisa Begum to support the cause of the National Movement. Hasrat Mohani played a vital role in the Khilafat Movement, during which he visited Hyderabad several times to propagate Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movements.

Hasrat Mohani and Total Independence

Maulana Hasrat Mohani moved the resolution for ‘Total Independence’ at the Congress Session held in 1921 in Ahmadabad. He criticized the absolute application of Non-Violence saying that it was not suitable for all situations, for which he even received praise from Mahatma Gandhi.

When Allama Iqbal stood up for Bhagat Singh

Later on, Maulana Hasrat Mohani was attracted towards socialist ideology. In the year 1928, he quit the Indian National Congress, because he differed from certain policies adopted by Mahatma Gandhi. Though he was supporting the Muslim League, he opposed the idea of the Muslim League for the division of the Nation. Maulana Hasrat Mohani was elected in the Assembly elections held in 1946 as a candidate of the Muslim League. But he opposed the division of India at every stage.

Even after Independence, his commitment to his Socialist and Secular ideology continued unabated.  At last, on 13 May 1951. Maulana Hasrat Mohani breathed his last in Lucknow.

Share this Post on :
Syed Naseer Ahamed

Syed Naseer Ahamad is a Telugu writer and journalist who has written several books on the role of Muslims in the struggle for the freedom of India. Many of his books have been translated into other languages. He can be contacted at [email protected] and cellphone number 91-9440241727.


Syed Naseer Ahamed http://M.Com ., LL.B., D.J. Flat No. C-2, Sree Ram's Arcade, Amaravathi Road UNDAVALLI - 522501 Tadepalli Mandalam, Guntur, AP