Massacre of Muslims in Magadh in 1946: A Harsh Incident of ‘Hindu-Muslim existence’

Riots in Bihar, triggered by communal tensions post-Partition. Gandhi's intervention halted the violence, leaving a lasting impact on the region's demographics and communities.

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Escalation of Communal Violence in North India

Riots were happening after Calcutta killings as well as Noakhali riots earlier that year the cause of which was the ethnic cleansing of Muslims in Magadh.

Riots occurred in a region of Bihar called Magadh from 24 Oct to 11 Nov, in which extremist hindu mobs targeted Muslim families. The 1946 Magadh riot was part of a series of incidents of communal violence across North India.

Frequency of riots further increased in the 1930s and 1940s; in 1946 alone 3,176 riot took place across the country. On 16th august 1946 Muslim League direct action day in calcutta as part of their demand for a separate state for Muslims, these riot triggered communal violence across the county including Bihar as well as Noakhali riot provoked violence in Bihar.

Largest riot of that year 1946, occurred 27 Oct to 6 Nov. Large number of Muslims were killed by heinous minded people. Furthermore, the Hindu mahasabha called it retaliation of direct action day and justified it horrifyingly.

Kalim Ajiz’s Plea for Aid amid Magadh Riots

Kalim Ajiz accompanied with about 4-5 friends of him reached Dr. Syed Mehmood resident to seek assistance at that time he was powerful minister of Bihar but he was busy in his feast ‘Daawat party’ didn’t responded to Kalim Ajiz what he uttered.
After that Dr mehmood spkoked to Inspector general of police at 03:00 p.m asked for Military personnel’s then 6 Military personnel arrived on truck. One of accompanied of Kalim Ajiz knows one of the military (INA) personnel called Colonel Mehmoob Ahmed and asked him ‘where are you coming from’? We are going to tilhara after listening this he shocked and stummed and said what kept remained in Tilhara now? I am coming from there, look at the clothes of mine and my accompanied he responded.

We are coming from disposing of death bodies with full of bloods, village has been destroyed, housese were burnt, people’s were martyred Mehmoob Ahmed added. (Colonel Mehmoob Ahmed was soldier of Azad hind). Hereafter, Kalim Ajiz shocked and came towards ‘kothi’ while shouting. Doctor Sahab! Doctor Sahab! Come and bring your guest too, Look at the foothill of glaziness of them, some more people came from feast.

Doctor Sahab! the sorrow of not attending the feast will last for lifetime, too many processions should be sacrificed on your activity Kalim Ajiz added.

दंगो में अपना सब कुछ लुटा चुका एक मुसलमान जब 11 साल बाद पहुँचा अपने गाँव

Enigma of Bihar Riots through Kalim Ajiz’s Lens

This story is not of common man rather this story is passed over on self of renowned Indian poet called Kalim Ajiz he said all these in his book ” Wo Jo shayri Ka sabab hua” he also got padamshree for this book from Indian government.

British parliament statesman put the death toll 5,000 while Indian national Congress put it at 2,000 while Mohammed Ali jinnah, a leader of Muslim League stated that 30,000 people had been killed actually exact data is not available till now. On 5th November, ‘Mahatma Gandhi stated that he would fast unto death if the violence in Bihar didn’t stop within 24 hours, while riot at its peak Mohammad yunus, a leader of Muslim League asked Muslims to observe ‘Bakr-Eid’ which occurred on 5th November, as day mourning. After circulating of Gandhi’s statement riot put at end’.

I am stating some pictures of Congress led sponsored riot here:-

Gandhi Ji in a Muslim Home– Mahatma Gandhi also came to inspect the riot affected areas in magadh, 1946 accompanied with professor Abdul Bari.

Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew with Gandhi Ji in the 1946 Magadh riots
– Certainly, the magnitude of this frightening riot becomes even more evident when considering that Mahatma Gandhi himself felt compelled to visit the affected areas, called by Dr. Syed Mehboob accompanied with Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Saifuddin Kitchlew.

Mahatma Gandhi at 1946 Riot
Consequences of riot:-

1. Rural Muslims escaped their ancestral home and migrated to urban areas after the pogrom happened.
2. Mostly Pasmanda Muslims, surrounded by Hindus, left for Pakistan.
3. Muslims who retaliated with extremist mobs had sustained here.
4. Muslims who stayed back just for the sake of Islam, who weren’t ready to leave India leaving our ancestral home, ancestral graveyard.

Views are Personal 

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