Freedom’s Flame in Rural India: The Untold Story of Mohammad Ghouse Baig

Mohammad Ghouse Baig was arrested for participating in the Civil disobedience movement. The British government seized his properties. He and his wife faced several woes for their active role in the Indian National Movement but never lost confidence.

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Mohammad Ghouse Baig, who played an active role in the ‘Chirala-Perala’ struggle, which went on as a part of the Indian National Movement in Andhra Pradesh, was born on 12 September, 1885 in Gantayapalem village, Chirala mandal in Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh, in a wealthy family. His father was Haji Mohiuddin Baig and his mother was Fatima.

Entering the Freedom Movement

Mohammad Ghouse Baig entered the Freedom Movement in 1907 when he was a student. Baig attended the All India Congress Session in 1920 at Calcutta along with Duggirala Gopalakrishniah, the leader of the famous Chirala-Perala Movement of AP. The British government merged Chirala and Perala villages into a municipality and imposed heavy taxes on the people, which led to a revolt by the people.

Baig, who opposed the heavy taxes levied, participated in the Tax non payment movement and financially helped the suffering people. He also took part in Khilafat and Non Cooperation movement, for which he was imprisoned. He led the ‘Ramadandu’ force, formed by Duggirala Gopla Krishnaiah. Mohammad Ghouse Baig even led the youth, who participated in the Salt Satyagraha in 1930-32.

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Undeterred by Loss

His participation in the Civil disobedience movement led to his arrest. His properties were seized by the British government. Mohammad Ghouse Baig and his wife faced several woes for their active role in the Indian National Movement, but they never lost confidence. They wore Khadi till their end, and helped the Khadi movement to spread into villages under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.

Mohammad Ghouse Baig being a good orator, inspired the people with his patriotic speeches in the meetings held in Guntur and Prakasam districts of AP. He actively participated in the movements without fear of arrest and harassment by the British. He strongly opposed the divisive theory of the All India Muslim League. Baig warned about the dangers of the divisive theory of the League.

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He worked for the harmony between Hindus and Muslims. In 1947, he assumed the role of Municipal Councillor for a brief period. Later, he dedicated himself for the programmes meant to improve the communal harmony. Mohammad Ghouse Baig was a dedicated leader and worked for the Hindu-Muslim unity and freedom of the people. He passed away on 19 September, 1976.

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Syed Naseer Ahamed

Syed Naseer Ahamad is a Telugu writer and journalist who has written several books on the role of Muslims in the struggle for the freedom of India. Many of his books have been translated into other languages. He can be contacted at [email protected] and cellphone number 91-9440241727.


Syed Naseer Ahamed http://M.Com ., LL.B., D.J. Flat No. C-2, Sree Ram's Arcade, Amaravathi Road UNDAVALLI - 522501 Tadepalli Mandalam, Guntur, AP