𝗧𝗶𝘁𝘂𝗹𝗮𝗿 𝗦𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗾𝗶 𝗔𝗱𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗼𝗿𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗝𝗮𝘂𝗻𝗽𝘂𝗿
𝐑𝐢𝐬𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐊𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐈 𝐉𝐚𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐌𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐤 𝐒𝐚𝐫𝐰𝐚𝐫
Malik Sarwar, described as Habshi Khawaja Sara (Black Eunuch) most successful governor of Tughlaqs , received the title of Khajah-i-Jahan in 1389. He was appointed as the governor of Jaunpur and received his title of Malik-us-Sharq (king of the east) from Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah Tughlaq in 1394.Soon, he established himself as an independent ruler and took the title of Atabak-i-Azam.
Independent Jaunpur Sultanate or Sharqi Sultanate rose to eminence under the patronage of Sharqi Sultans and became a great centre of education, art and culture.
𝐋𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐫 𝐒𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐪𝐢𝐬, 𝐔𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫 𝐌𝐮𝐠𝐡𝐚𝐥𝐬.
There is very little known about the Later Sharqia.What happened with them.
However, the sumptuous independent Sharqi Sultanate was becoming weaker day by day by the invasion of the Lodhis.
Jalal ud-din Sharqi son of Hussain Shah Sharqi joined Babur, with the hope of recovering Jaunpur like his father who also lived his life in faint hope of getting back his paternal throne of Jaunpur. Babur appointed him governor of Benaras as well as commander of one of the divisions of his army, but he couldn’t do so much and died and buried in Jaunpur
Sultan Jalal ud-din’s son, Mahmud Khan, was permitted by Babur to entitle himself Sultan, and was similarly honoured by Humayun During his struggle against Sher Shah (Humayun) wrote to Sultan Mahmud that he would hand him over the province of Bihar and Jaunpur,if he (Sultan Mahmud) could help him to dispossess Sher Shah Sur. Sultan Mahmud (Sharqi) marched out with a large number of cavalry and met Humayun who received him with great honour Humayun then put a large number of his own cavalry under Sultan Mahmud and posted him against Sher Shah. A battle took place at Chunar in which Mahmud (Sharqi) being injured fell from his horse,with the result that Sher Shah got the upper hand when the battle was over Sher Shah rushed towards the dying Sultan Mahmud and begged his forgiveness and also asked him for his last will Mahmud expired and Sher Shah sent his body with great honour to Jaunpur, where he was buried. although Sher Shah also handed over the royal residence and revenue of some Jagir for expenses of his family members.
𝐔𝐦𝐚𝐫 𝐊𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐒𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐪𝐢 𝐀𝐝𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐨𝐫 𝐨𝐟 𝐉𝐚𝐮𝐧𝐩𝐮𝐫
On the other hand Humayun himself fled to Iran after losing to Sher Shah and returned again after 15 years.when reconquered Delhi, he called Sultan Husain Sharqi second , son of Sultan Mahmud Sharqi at Delhi, showed him paternal kindness and, bestowing upon him the title of ‘Umar Khan’ along with the mansab of 7,000, also gave him the Jagir of Bihar, after reaching Jaunpur,Sultan Husain ‘Unar Khan’, restored the royal monuments of his ancestors and at the same time added there one Mohalla,one Sarai and a bazar in his own name Sultan Husain Umar khan also administered his own Jagir During the reign of Akbar some of Umar Khan s enemies reported to Akbar that he (Husain) was looking forward to proclaiming his independence. When this news reached Umar Khan , he gave away all his wealth and belongings to the poor as a charity and started living a saintly life at Jaunpur. Though. Akbar asked him to resume his Jagir but he retired in favour of his son, Qutb Khan.
Akbar honoured Qutb Khan with all the privileges of his father that Sultan Husain Sahrqi -second ’Umar Khan had enjoyed.
Qutb Khan was succeeded by his son, Hasan Khan, In the reign of Aurangzeb Alamgir when Jagirs were confiscated , Muhammad Khan and Mahmood Khan, sons of Hasan Khan, were compensated in cash.
The enclosed picture is of Umar Khan’s tomb situated at Muhalla Umar Khan precincts of Jami Masjid aka Badi Masjid in Jaunpur.